Japanese Give and Receive Short Summary

There are 5 “gives” and 2 “receives” in Japanese are used based on social relationship.

日语的授受关系词语有5个给予和2个接受,根据社会地位选择。

AがBにXをあげる

  • Giver
    • Anyone
    • Speaker
    • In-group
  • Recipient
    • No speaker
  • Relationship
    • Socially equal

AがBに/からXをさしあげる

  • Giver
    • Anyone
    • Speaker
    • in-group
  • Recipient
    • In-group superior
    • Out-group
  • Relationship
    • Giver is socially equal or inferior to the recipient

AがBに/からXをやる

Sometimes vulgar.

  • Giver
    • Anyone
    • Speaker
    • In-group
  • Recipient
    • Notably inferior to the Giver
  • Relationship
    • Giver is socially equal or inferior to the recipient

AがBにXをくれる

  • Giver
    • Anyone
  • Recipient
    • Speaker
    • In-group
    • Closer to speaker
  • Relationship
    • Giver is socially equal or interior to the recipient

AがBにXをくださる

  • Giver
    • In-group superior
    • Out-group
  • Recipient
    • Speaker
    • In-group
    • Closer to speaker
  • Relationship
    • Giver is socially equal or interior to the recipient

AがBに/からXをもらう

  • Giver
    • Anyone
  • Recipient
    • Anyone
  • Relationship
    • Giver is socially equal or inferior to the recipient

AがBに/からXをいただく

  • Giver
    • In-group superior
    • Out-group
  • Recipient
    • Anyone
  • Relationship
    • Giver is socially equal or inferior to the recipient